A motion of springing up to deliver a strike to a high target

This is a springing up movement to reach a high target, unreachable from a stationary posture, to strike it with a fist or foot.

Dwitbal-nae-ditgi / 뒷발 내딛기 / Rear Foot Forward Step

Apbal-nae-ditgi / 앞발 내딛기 / Front Foot Forward Step

Nopi-ttwigi (높이뛰기) High Jump

A motion of leaping over an obstacle to execute a strike to the target

This is a movement of jumping over a person or an object to strike the target with a foot or a fist.

Ttwieo-neomgi (뛰어넘기) Jumping over an obstacle

A motion of making one or more full turn in the air vertically or horizontally

This is a movement of springing up to make one or more full turns. If one makes a horizontal motion such as dolgae-chagi (Whirl kick) or 540° Dwihuryeo-chagi (540° Back Whip Kick), it is called garo-dolgi (Horizontal Turning). A vertical kick, such as gongjungjebi-chagi (Jumping Flip Kick) or gongjungjebi-modum-chagi (Jumping Flip Drawing Kick) is called sero-dolgi (Vertical Turning).


Garo-dolgi / 가로돌기(=수직축회전) / Horizontal Turning (=Vertical Axis Spinning)

Sero-dolgi / 세로돌기(=수평축회전) / Vertical Turning (=Horizontal Axis Spinning)

Ttwieo-dolgi (뛰어돌기) Jumping Turn

A movement of jumping to attack a target at a distance

This is a jumping movement to attack a target at a distance unreachable from where one is standing with a fist or foot.

Meolli-ttwigi (멀리뛰기) Long Jump

Ttwigi (뛰기) Jumping

Applications of a jumping movements to apply the diverse technical skills of taekwondo

These are movements used to attack a target that is higher or farther than normal, or to evade the opponent’s attack. They can involve one or more vertical turns or horizontal flips.