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Ditgi (딛기) Stepping


Movements of changing directions or one’s feet to various points in order to adjust one’s distance to the opponent, where one executes attacks or makes defensive moves

These include all kinds of foot movements involved in taekwondo and are used in the form of nae-ditgi, dora-ditgi, mo-ditgi, mulleo-ditgi, yeop-ditgi and jejari-ditgi.

A motion of changing the center of gravity towards the front

This is a movement to take one step or more with the front or rear foot while moving the center of gravity forward. If the front foot advances first, it is called apbal-nae-ditgi and the rear foot, dwitbal-nae-ditgi.


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(Du-bal) nae-ditgi / (두 발) 내딛기 / (Two-foot) Forward Step

Dwitbal-nae-ditgi / 뒷발 내딛기 / Rear Foot Forward Step

Apbal-nae-ditgi / 앞발 내딛기 / Front Foot Forward Step

Nae-ditgi (내딛기) Forward Step

A motion of changing direction to the left or right or back

This is a motion of taking a step by turning one foot clockwise or counterclockwise centering around the other foot. When the upper body turns backward to the left, it is called wen-dora-ditgi and to the right, oreun-dora-ditgi.


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Oreun-dora-ditgi / 오른 돌아딛기 / Right Turn Step

Wen-dora-ditgi / 왼 돌아딛기 / Left Turn Step

Dwi-dora-ditgi / 뒤 돌아딛기 / Back Turn Step

Dwitbal-nae-ditgi / 뒷발 내딛기 / Rear Foot Forward Step

Apbal-nae-ditgi / 앞발 내딛기 / Front Foot Forward Step

Dora-ditgi (돌아딛기) Turning Step

A motion of moving the center of gravity diagonally

This is a movement of moving the left or right foot diagonally forward or backward to move the center of gravity to the side of left front, left back, right front or right back.


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Oreun-dwi-ditgi / 오른뒤 딛기 / Right Backward Step

Oreun-ap-ditgi / 오른앞 딛기 / Right Forward Step

Wen-dwi-ditgi / 왼뒤 딛기 / Left Backward Step

Wen-ap-ditgi / 왼앞 딛기 / Left Forward Step

Mo-ditgi (모딛기) Diagonal Step

A motion of moving the center of gravity backward

This is a movement of traveling one or more steps backward with the front or rear foot while moving the center of gravity backward. If the front foot steps back first, it is apbal-mulleo-ditgi and if the rear foot moves first it is dwitbal-mulleo-ditgi.


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(Dubal) mulleo-ditgi / 두 발 물러딛기 / Two-foot Backward Step

Dwitbal-mulleo-ditgi / 뒷발 물러딛기 / Rear Foot Backward Step

Apbal-mulleo-ditgi / 앞발 물러딛기 / Front Foot Backward Step

Mulleo-ditgi (물러딛기) Backward Step

A motion of moving the center of gravity to the left or right

This is a movement of stepping to the left or the right while shifting the center of gravity.


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Oreun-ditgi / 오른 딛기 / Right Step

Wen-ditgi / 왼 딛기 / Left Step

Yeop-ditgi (옆딛기) Side Step

A motion of bobbing in a fixed position

This is a movement of keeping the center of gravity in between the front and rear foot and moving the feet up and down simultaneously or alternating the feet while stepping in a fixed position.

Jejari-ditgi (제자리딛기) Stepping in place